The Somali Civil War is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia. The conflict, which began in 1991, has caused destabilisation and instability throughout the country, with the current phase of the conflict seeing the Somali government losing substantial control of the state to rebel forces. The unrest consists of a series of clashes between various militant islamist and tribalist factions.
From 2006-2009, the National Defense Force of Ethiopia was involved in the conflict. Somalia's government declared a state of emergency in June 2009, requesting immediate international support, and the military intervention of neighbouring East African states